No one wants to feel unattractive or self-conscious. But sometimes, certain barriers may stand in your way. If you are someone who has been frustrated with an uneven skin tone, know that you are not alone. Hyperpigmentation is more common than you think. This has led to the development of countless treatment methods in the market. Finding the right treatment, however, could feel like looking for a needle in a haystack. But you don’t have to worry. Our experts at Lux Medical Aesthetic Clinic can help you find the ideal pigmentation removal treatment in Singapore to fulfil your dream of having a clear and glowing complexion.

Hyperpigmentation

Small, dark, and uneven patches on the body characterise this skin condition. The main cause of hyperpigmentation is an increase in melanin production. Melanin is formed in the inner layers of the skin and is responsible for determining your hair, skin, and eye colour. The higher the melanin production, the higher the pigmentation. Several other factors, such as sun exposure, ageing, hormonal changes, inflammation, and certain medications and medical conditions, can also contribute to hyperpigmentation.

What Are the Main Types of Hyperpigmentation?

Before selecting the ideal pigmentation treatment for you in Singapore, the specialist must identify the type of hyperpigmentation. Let’s walk through some of the common types of hyperpigmentation:

Melasma

These brown or greyish patches are common in women during their reproductive years and are typically seen on the face, particularly on the cheeks and forehead. Women with a tan complexion are more likely to have melasma, and is commonly seen amongst Asian women.

Freckles

These small circular spots are caused by increased melanin production, usually brought on by sun exposure. Lighter-skinned people are more prone to get these and pose no harm. Some freckles may even fade away with time.

Solar Lentigo

These are also referred to as ‘sun spots’ or ‘liver spots’, and an overproduction of melanin due to sun exposure causes them. These harmless benign skin lesions are slightly larger than freckles and are commonly found on the face, chest, and hands.

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) occurs when the skin gets triggered by injury or inflammation, such as dermatitis or a burn. In PIH, when an injury occurs, the skin gets inflamed and triggers an overproduction of melanin, causing hyperpigmentation. Almost anyone can get PIH, but it is more common in darker-skinned individuals and can occur anywhere on the body. Sun exposure can worsen this condition; therefore, protecting your skin from it is important.

Drug-Induced Skin Pigmentation

According to a study conducted on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of drug-induced pigmentation, around 10 to 20% of all cases of acquired hyperpigmentation were due to this type. This can occur due to a variety of drugs including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), analgesics, antimalarials, antipsychotic drugs, and heavy metals.

Four Treatment Options for Hyperpigmentation

The first line of treatment to remove pigmentation in Singapore is the use of a topical cream that contains ingredients that can lighten the affected area. However, this initial step may not be sufficient in some cases and may require further treatment. There are several professional treatment options in Singapore that can help you come closer to getting smooth and clear skin.

Q-switch Laser Treatments

This therapy involves the use of high-intensity short-pulsed light energy to treat hyperpigmentation. This laser therapy breaks down the affected cells and causes it to be eliminated from the body naturally. This technique is ideal to treat areas which cannot be managed by conventional products or topical applications. However, it may not be suitable for all skin types and therefore a medical professional must be sought prior to your pigmentation removal in Singapore.

In addition to hyperpigmentation treatment, this therapy is useful in stimulating the production of collagen. Therefore, this is also an effective method for the removal of acne scars. This therapy can help improve the texture of your skin and make it even and smooth.

Chemical Peels

This usually involves an application of a chemical to the surface layer of the skin. This helps remove the dead skin cell layer, thereby lightening the affected area. However, some chemical peels can target the middle layer of the skin (dermis) by using stronger concentrations. The type of chemical and concentration used will depend on the degree of penetration required.

Chemical peels work better on fairer skin tones and are ideal for patients with melasma, age spots, or sun damage. These peels can be purchased over the counter (OTC). However, due to risks such as redness, blistering, infection, scarring, and allergic reactions, it is better to have it carried out by a medical professional. They will be able to advise you on managing the side effects better if they occur.

Laser Resurfacing

This technique uses a targeted beam of light to rejuvenate the skin. Laser resurfacing can be done with two kinds of lasers – ablative and non-ablative. Ablative lasers treat the dermis by stimulating collagen production, which makes the skin more toned and firmer. Non-ablative lasers, on the other hand, destroy some components of the skin, allowing new skin cells to form. This is done to get tighter and smoother skin.

This pigmentation removal method in Singapore can be used to improve skin tone and reduce fine lines and wrinkles. However, this is not the procedure you would want if your skin has excessive sagging. If you are interested in having laser resurfacing done, consult your dermatologist to find which option is better suited for you.

Intense Pulse Light Therapy

Intense pulse light therapy, or IPL, is a non-invasive and non-ablative form of laser treatment that can enhance the colour and texture of your skin. It works by high-intensity light pulses targeting the affected areas. IPL stimulates collagen growth to clear the skin giving you a refreshed appearance.

This therapy has the capability of undoing the damage caused by sun exposure. The treatment usually produces very noticeable results and is known as photoaging. IPL can also manage several conditions, such as dry eyes, rosacea, age spots and blood vessel issues.

How Can You Prevent Hyperpigmentation?

As the age-old adage goes, “Prevention is better than cure”; it is indeed easier to prevent hyperpigmentation than treat it. Here are a few preventative tips:

  • Use adequate sun protection (high SPF sunscreen)
  • Wear protective clothing
  • Avoid tanning
  • Use gentle skin-care products
  • Be careful when waxing
  • Treat your acne
  • Avoid touching your skin often

Rejuvenate and Brighten Your Skin at Lux Medical Aesthetic Clinic

Would you like to revitalise your skin and let your beauty shine through? Contact Lux Medical Aesthetic Clinic and bid goodbye to your uneven and dull skin tone today! We offer quality products for all our treatments ranging from acne care to hifu treatments (high-intensity focused ultrasound) to eye care and more! Our friendly and dedicated professional team will ensure that you receive exceptional care and service so that you have a comfortable and luxurious experience. If you have any questions or concerns, give us a call or stop by our practice.

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